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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel – Biography and Contribution in Modern India
Date of birth: 31 October 1875
birth place: Nadiad, Bombay Presidency (currently Gujarat)
mother-father: Zaverbhai Patel (father) and Ladbai (mother)
Husband or wife: Jhaverba
children: Maniben patel, tasbhai patel
Education: NK High School, Petlad; Cours, London, England
Association: Indian national congress
protest: Indian freedom struggle
Political views: Medium, right wing
Religious Belief: Hindu religion
Publication: Nation's thoughts: Vallabhhai Patel, Collected Works of Vallabhbhai Patel, 15 vols.
passed away: December 15, 1950
Memorial: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and was a key figure in the Indian freedom struggle, which later became India's first Deputy Prime Minister and the first Home Minister.
- Sardar Patel's contribution to unifying 565 princely states in a new independent India is unforgettable.
Vallabhbhai Patel's Early Life
- Vallabhbhai Patel was born on October 31, 1875 in Nadiad of Gujarat
- His birth anniversary is now seen as National Ekta Divas or National Ekta Divas.
- After passing the Bar Examination, Patel followed the law in Godhra, Borsad and Anand in Gujarat.
- He earned the reputation of being a fierce and proficient advocate.
Role of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in the Indian Independence Movement
- Patel joined the Congress and became secretary of the Gujarat Assembly, which later became a Congress stronghold.
- On Gandhi's call, Patel quit his hard work and joined the movement to fight for the exemption of taxes in Kheda during the plague and famine (1918).
- Patel joined Gandhi's Non-Cooperation Movement (1920) and traveled to West India for the recruitment of 300,000 members. He collected more than 1.5 million for party fund.
- There was a British law prohibiting the bounce of the Indian flag. When Mahatma Gandhi was imprisoned, he was Patel, who led the Satyagraha movement in 1923 against British law in Nagpur.
- In the year 1930, the British arrested Sardar Patel during the Salt Satyagraha and prosecuted them without witnesses.
- On the outbreak of World War II (1939), Patel supported Nehru's decision to withdraw the Congress from central and provincial legislatures.
- Patel was the best in his inspiring while talking to the Gwalia Tank Ground (now called the August Kranti Maidan) in Mumbai to start the nationwide civil disobedience movement on the order of Mahatma Gandhi in 1942.
- During the Quit India Movement (1942), the British arrested Patel. In Ahmednagar's fort, he was imprisoned with full Congress executive from 1942 to 1945.